Selling a screenplay can be a challenging yet rewarding journey for a screenwriter. Mastering the art of selling a screenplay not only requires talent and determination but also a grasp on the intricacies of the film industry. This article on how to sell a screenplay aims to provide valuable insight into the process of selling a screenplay, offering practical tips and strategies for aspiring screenwriters to follow in order to improve their chances of success.
The writing process itself is only one aspect of the overall equation; marketing the screenplay is equally crucial to achieving a sale. It is essential for screenwriters to research the market, understand the current trends, and identify which production companies are most suitable for their work. Furthermore, developing a standout pitch and effectively showcasing a screenplay through other mediums can significantly impact the likelihood of a sale.
In the following sections, we’ll delve deeper into specific steps and strategies for selling a screenplay. By following these guidelines, screenwriters can maximize their chances of seeing their work come to life on the big screen while also gaining invaluable experience in the world of screenwriting and film production.
Understanding the Screenplay Market
Screenplay vs. Spec Script
A screenplay is a written script for a film or TV show, containing dialogue, scene descriptions, and stage directions. A spec script, on the other hand, is a screenplay that a writer creates without being commissioned or hired by a studio or production company. The spec script market has its own rules and processes compared to commissioned screenplays, including the need for writers to independently market their work and find producers or studios interested in their stories. In the spec script market, the writer’s goal is usually to sell their screenplay to a producer or studio who will then develop it into a film or TV show.
Genre and Industry Trends
When writing a screenplay, it is essential to consider the genre and current industry trends. Understanding the audience for your script and the preferences of studios or producers will increase the chances of it being sold. For example, if you have a comedy script, focus on studios and agents that make comedies. If you have a drama script, approach specialty companies that produce award-winning dramas.
Some of the popular film genres include:
- Science Fiction/Fantasy
- Romantic Comedy
Industry trends change over time, so it is crucial to stay informed about the market to maximize the chances of selling a screenplay. Researching the market, keeping up with box office hits, and studying successful films or TV shows within your chosen genre can help improve your understanding of the audience and what production companies are currently seeking.
By understanding the differences between screenplays and spec scripts, along with the importance of genre and industry trends, writers can better navigate the screenplay market and increase their chances of selling their work.
Crafting a Great Script
Developing a Strong Story
A great script starts with a strong story. A screenwriter must create a well-structured plot that follows a clear beginning, middle, and end. Incorporating compelling themes, conflicts, and emotional arcs can further enhance the story’s appeal. To build a powerful narrative, consider the following:
- Outline a clear storyline with a unique and original premise
- Develop a strong central conflict that drives the plot
- Incorporate subplots that complement and enrich the main story arc
- Utilize a three-act structure to create a well-paced and coherent narrative
Further Reading: The Dan Harmon Story Circle
Creating Compelling Characters
The characters in a screenplay are essential to bringing the story to life. They should be well-developed, multidimensional, and relatable. To create compelling characters, screenwriters can:
- Craft detailed character backgrounds and motivations
- Avoid stereotypes and create dynamic, unique, and complex individuals
- Identify each character’s arc and how it intertwines with the overall story
- Ensure that the characters have distinctive voices and traits
Writing an Engaging Dialogue
Dialogue should feel natural, engaging, and authentic, revealing aspects of the characters and moving the story forward. To write effective dialogue, consider the following tips:
- Keep dialogue concise and to the point, avoiding overly verbose or expositional conversations
- Differentiate character voices through speech patterns, vocabulary, and tone
- Use subtext, allowing characters to express thoughts and emotions indirectly
- Incorporate conflict and tension in the dialogue to create dynamics between characters
Incorporating these elements in the process can help a screenwriter craft a great script that could capture the interest of producers and ultimately sell. The key is to focus on developing a strong story, create compelling characters, and write engaging dialogue to truly make the script stand out.
Polishing Your Screenplay
Rewriting and Editing
Polishing your screenplay is an essential step in increasing its chances of being sold. Start with revisiting your script and refining the structure, dialogue, and pacing. Make sure each scene and character is necessary, has a clear purpose, and contributes to the overall story. Enhancing your screenplay with more visual elements and dialogue that feels natural will make it more engaging for potential buyers. Remember to proofread for grammar, spelling, and clarity, as errors can distract from the story and lead to a negative impression.
Before sending your screenplay to potential buyers, seek feedback from others to ensure it is the best it can be. Consider sharing your work with fellow screenwriters, writing groups, or industry professionals to get their insights and suggestions. Listening to different perspectives and accepting constructive criticism can help refine your script and address any overlooked issues. However, ensure that the feedback aligns with your vision for the story before implementing changes.
A coverage service is another tool that can help screenwriters polish their work. Coverage services provide professional analysis of your script, pinpointing areas of improvement and providing detailed feedback. This feedback focuses on elements like plot, character development, pacing, and formatting, helping you understand how industry professionals might perceive your screenplay (storylosopher). It’s essential to research and invest in a reputable coverage service to receive the most valuable feedback possible.
In summary, polishing your screenplay involves rewriting and editing, obtaining feedback from others in your network, and potentially using a coverage service. These steps can significantly improve your work, increasing the chances of selling your screenplay and launching your screenwriting career.
Creating Essential Materials
When it comes to selling a screenplay, having the right materials prepared can significantly increase your chances of success. In this section, we will cover four essential materials: Writing a Killer Logline, Developing a Synopsis, Preparing a Query Letter, and Creating a One-Sheet.
Writing a Killer Logline
A logline is a concise, one-sentence summary of your screenplay’s plot that captures the essence and uniqueness of the story. It should be compelling, giving a clear idea of your film’s central conflict and main character. To write an effective logline:
- Keep it brief and to the point: Aim for one sentence, ideally 25-30 words.
- Clarify the protagonist, their goal, and the obstacle they face.
- Use strong, evocative language that conveys the tone and genre of your screenplay.
- Avoid using character names; instead, focus on their characteristics, occupation, or role in the story.
Further Reading: What is a Logline in Film
Here’s a couple of our favourite loglines, concise, thought-provoking, and ultimately attract the producer to take a look at the film treatment or the script itself:
The Silence of the Lambs:
A young F.B.I. cadet must confide in an incarcerated and manipulative killer to receive his help on catching another serial killer who skins his victims.
Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope:
When an optimistic farm boy discovers that he has powers, he teams up with other rebel fighters to liberate the galaxy from the sinister forces of the Empire.
Further Reading: 17 Iconic Film & TV Logline Examples
Developing a Synopsis
A synopsis is a longer summary of your screenplay, typically 1-2 pages in length. It should include the key elements of your story, such as the main characters, conflicts, turning points, and the conclusion. To craft a compelling synopsis, ensure you:
- Write in clear, concise language.
- Briefly introduce the main characters and their motivations.
- Highlight the central conflict, climax, and resolution.
- Maintain a consistent tone and stay true to your screenplay genre.
Preparing a Query Letter
A query letter serves to pitch your screenplay to potential producers, agents, or managers. It should be one page in length and consist of three main parts: the introduction, logline, and your bio or screenwriting credits. To write an effective query letter, follow these tips:
- Open with a personal greeting, addressing the recipient by name.
- Introduce your screenplay and include your logline.
- Showcase your writing credentials and relevant experience.
- Demonstrate your awareness of the recipient’s recent projects or preferences, highlighting why your screenplay would be a good fit.
- Thank them for their time and consideration and close the letter professionally.
Creating a One-Sheet
A one-sheet, also known as a pitch sheet, is a single-page document that visually and textually presents your screenplay in an engaging manner. It includes your logline, synopsis or treatment, and any key images or artwork that represents your story. To create an effective one-sheet:
- Emphasize your logline, positioning it prominently on the page.
- Include a brief synopsis or treatment, focusing on the main characters, conflicts, and plot points.
- Use high-quality, evocative images or artwork that convey the tone and style of your screenplay.
- Design the one-sheet with a clear hierarchy and clean layout, making it easy for the reader to follow.
By preparing these essential materials, you are giving your screenplay the best possible chance of capturing the interest of industry professionals and ultimately selling your work. Remember to always proofread and revise your materials, ensuring they accurately represent your screenplay and showcase your talent as a writer.
Building an Online Presence
IMDb and Professional Portfolio
Building an online presence is essential for screenwriters looking to sell their scripts. One platform that should not be overlooked is IMDb. By creating a professional IMDb profile, screenwriters can showcase their work and connect with actors, producers, and directors in the industry. Additionally, creating a professional portfolio website could help showcase scripts, treatments, and any other writing samples. This allows potential clients and collaborators to quickly access and review their work.
Social media platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn can be invaluable tools for screenwriters. By using these platforms, they can connect with industry professionals, engage in conversations, and promote their work. Screenwriters should ensure they maintain a professional image on their social media accounts and actively participate in networking opportunities.
Suggested social media strategies include:
- Joining screenwriting groups on Facebook and LinkedIn
- Actively participating in discussions and sharing insights
- Engaging with and following industry professionals on Twitter
- Sharing personal work and soliciting feedback from peers
Creating a Blog
Another strategy for building an online presence is to create a blog. Which is exactly what we have done with iFilmThings!
A blog can serve as a space for screenwriters to share their experiences, insights and knowledge of the industry. This not only helps to establish their authority but can also showcase their writing abilities. Regular updates, engaging content, and promoting the blog on social media platforms can help drive traffic and create interest in the screenwriter’s work.
Networking in the Industry
Attending Film Festivals and Pitch Fests
Attending film festivals and pitch fests is one of the best ways to network and make connections within the industry. These events provide opportunities to meet and interact with industry professionals, showcase your work, and expand your knowledge of the market. To prepare for these events, it is essential to have an engaging and concise elevator pitch ready to share with potential collaborators or buyers.
Joining Screenwriting Associations and Writing Groups
Another useful approach to networking is to join screenwriting associations or writing groups, providing a supportive environment for honing your craft and connecting with like-minded individuals. These organizations often hold workshops, panel discussions, and networking events, which can lead to valuable connections and feedback on your work. Consider researching reputable associations in your region or attending local writing meetups.
Making Connections with Industry Insiders
One of the keys to successfully selling a screenplay is having strong connections with industry insiders. Building relationships with producers, directors, and other writers can potentially open doors for your work to be seen by the right people. Here are some ways to make those connections:
- Engage in online forums and social media platforms where industry professionals frequent—participate in discussions, ask questions, and showcase your knowledge.
- Offer your skills as a script reader or consultant if you already have some experience in this area, which can help forge connections with established screenwriters and producers.
- Attend industry conferences and events, as mentioned earlier, to immerse yourself in the professional screenwriting community and build a strong network.
In conclusion, networking in the industry is an essential step in selling a screenplay. By attending film festivals and pitch fests, joining screenwriting associations, and making connections with industry insiders, you increase your chances of finding the right opportunities for your work.
Using Listing Services and Competitions
InkTip is a popular listing service for screenwriters to showcase their scripts, with many producers and managers using the platform to find new screenplays. Writers can create a profile with their script’s logline, synopsis, and script sample, increasing the chances of getting noticed by industry professionals. InkTip has a proven track record, with numerous success stories and film productions being a result of connections made on the platform.
The Black List
The Black List is another reputable listing service where screenwriters can submit their scripts for evaluation. Industry professionals, such as managers and producers, can search the database for screenplays based on specific criteria, making it easier to find suitable projects. High-scoring scripts on The Black List receive more visibility and have a higher chance of getting picked up for production.
Other Listing Services
There are several other listing services available for screenwriters to showcase their work, including Spec Scout and The Tracking Board. These platforms offer both paid and free options for script promotion and feedback. When choosing a listing service, it’s essential for writers to research the platform’s reputation and success stories to ensure that they are investing in a useful tool for their screenwriting career.
Screenwriting Contests and Major Competitions
Participating in screenwriting contests is another effective way to sell a screenplay and gain recognition in the industry. Winning or placing high in an established contest can lead to your script getting noticed by studios, producers, and agencies. Keep in mind that not all winning scripts get sold or produced, as contests often focus on artistic merit rather than commercial viability. Some major competitions to consider include the Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting, Austin Film Festival, and Final Draft Big Break Contest.
By utilizing listing services and participating in screenwriting contests, writers increase their chances of selling their screenplay and catching the attention of industry professionals. It’s essential to remain persistent, confident, and open to feedback throughout the process.
Submitting Your Screenplay
Approaching Agents and Managers
When submitting your screenplay, it’s essential to approach reputable agents and managers who can help represent and promote your work. Finding the right person or agency can be a challenge, but there are steps you can take to increase your chances. Begin by researching agents that specialize in the genre of your screenplay. You can look for both large and small agencies with proven track records of success in your genre. Keep in mind that some agents might specialize exclusively in either film or television.
Once you have a list of potential agents and managers, you should submit a query letter to each of them outlining your screenplay and why it would be a suitable fit for their clients. Your query letter should be concise, professional, and include any relevant writing credentials or awards. Make sure to personalize each letter to show that you have done your homework on the specific agent or manager.
Read our guide on how to acquire a screenwriting agent and manager.
Pitching to Production Companies
In addition to agents and managers, you can also submit your screenplay directly to production companies. Begin by researching production companies that have produced films or shows similar to your screenplay. Once you have identified potential production companies, learn more about their submission policies. Some companies may only accept submissions through agents, while others may allow direct submissions.
When pitching your screenplay to a production company, remember to include a logline, a one-sheet or pitch on paper (POP), and a synopsis or treatment of your script. These documents will help give production companies a clear picture of your screenplay’s core concept, plot, and style without having to read the entire script. Be prepared to provide a full script if the production company requests it.
Following Up After Submissions
After submitting your screenplay to agents, managers, and production companies, it’s important to follow up on your submissions in a professional and respectful manner. Don’t bombard anyone with constant emails or phone calls, as this can be off-putting and counterproductive. Instead, wait a few weeks after your initial submission before following up to inquire about the status of your script and whether the recipient has had a chance to review it.
Patience is key during this process, as decision-makers may take time to review your screenplay. While waiting for responses, continue to network with industry professionals and refine your writing craft. By staying proactive and persistent, you’ll increase your chances of successfully selling your screenplay.
Dealing with Rejection and Perseverance
Selling a screenplay can be a challenging process for anyone trying to break into Hollywood. One essential aspect of finding success in this field is learning to deal with rejection and maintaining perseverance. It’s common for screenwriters to face multiple rejections before finally making a sale. The key is to remain determined and continue refining your work based on the feedback you receive.
Developing Your Pitching Skills
Another important factor in successfully selling your screenplay is developing strong pitching skills. Attending industry events and pitchfests can be an excellent way to build a network and receive valuable feedback on your work. These events allow screenwriters to practice their pitches, which is crucial for a successful sale. Various resources, such as the New York Film Academy’s article, offer tips for honing your pitching skills in the industry.
Expanding Your Portfolio
Finally, an essential element in selling your screenplay is to showcase your talent through an expanded portfolio. Creating a diverse collection of screenplay samples can demonstrate your versatility and skill as a writer. By having a range of work available, you increase your chances of appealing to different producers and buyers. This extensive portfolio will not only help in selling your screenplay but also potentially lead to more opportunities in the future.